The Ingenious Way That Lyme Bacteria Resist Aging

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsW1VZCZsfQ&?fs=1&hl=en_US Real Science: Most bacteria have a single circular chromosome that can range in size from only 160000 base pairs in the endosymbiotic bacteria Candidatus Carsonella ruddii,[112] to 12200000 base pairs in the soil-dwelling bacteria Sorangium cellulosum.[113] Spirochaetes of the genus Borrelia are a notable exception to this arrangement, with bacteria such as Borrelia burgdorferi, the cause of Lyme disease, containing a single linear chromosome.[114] The genes in bacterial genomes are usually a single continuous stretch of DNA and although several different types of introns do exist in bacteria, these are much more rare than in eukaryotes.[115] Bacteria may also contain plasmids, which are small extra-chromosomal DNAs that may contain genes for antibiotic resistance or virulence factors.

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