httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsW1VZCZsfQ&?fs=1&hl=en_US Real Science: Most bacteria have a single circular chromosome that can range in size from only 160000 base pairs in the endosymbiotic bacteria Candidatus Carsonella ruddii, to 12200000 base pairs in the soil-dwelling bacteria Sorangium cellulosum. Spirochaetes of the genus Borrelia are a notable exception to this arrangement, with bacteria such as Borrelia burgdorferi, the cause of Lyme disease, containing a single linear chromosome. The genes in bacterial genomes are usually a single continuous stretch of DNA and although several different types of introns do exist in bacteria, these are much more rare than in eukaryotes. Bacteria may also contain plasmids, which are small extra-chromosomal DNAs that may contain genes for antibiotic resistance or virulence factors.
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